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zyw54周前 (07-05)文章15

马岩松:我们为什么要谈未来

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马岩松:我们为什么要谈未来作文500字

马岩松,建筑师,曾就读于北京建筑工程学院(现北京建筑大学),后毕业于美国耶鲁大学(Yale University)。马岩松于成立MAD建筑事务所,主持设计一系列标志性建筑及艺术作品,包括卢卡斯叙事艺术博物馆 、加拿大“梦露大厦”等 。

对于中国某市政府的一个高楼设计竞赛,马岩松提出的设计方案不仅最后没有得到该市政府的认可,还使得该市政府生气,最终没有收回设计费。对于这件事,他认为,现在很多地方都想建超越盘,建一个更高的楼,用更高的楼代表他们的野心。可是现在时间又不一样了,现在我们已经开始上火星了,技术已经很发达,建一个高层建筑其实并不难,挑战不了技术,只是挑战钱,所以高层建筑就慢慢变成了权力和资本的一个纪念碑,所以这个时代呢,已经不是再去赞美权力和资本的时代了 。都想建大楼,都想用高楼来代表他们的信心,来代表一个城市创造力的时候,就非常愚蠢,所以他把这个被该市政府看作是玩笑的方案当成是一种对现实的批判。每一个对现实的批判,他都认为指向一个更好的未来。

后来给加拿大某一城市设计的被当地称作是“梦露大厦 ”的设计方案被选上了,终于打破了马岩松他们工作室提案失败的局面 。而这也给了他很大的信心 。作为一名建筑师,他认为真正的未来是山水城市,他认为这是源于对未来的渴望。要解决现实的问题,就是建造一个有情感的、有自然的、有生活的这样的城市。他认为我们现在呢,又是在这么一个阶段,就是生活在自己的臆想里面 。但他我喜欢这种状态,让他越来越接近未来。

马岩松通过讲述自己的设计历程向我们传达了这样一种精神:谈未来是规避现实中的问题,而对现实的批判,将指引我们走向更好的未来。

刘同我们为什么要读大学

为大家准备了关于刘同我们为什么要读大学范文,里面收集了五十多篇关于好刘同我们为什么要读大学好文,希望可以帮助大家 。更多关于刘同我们为什么要读大学内容请关注

  刘同:我们为什么要读大学?

  本文为刘同在绵阳中学的演讲

  绵阳中学的同学们,你们好。

  我现在很紧张 ,印象里,我人生大概有两次极致的紧张。第一次是我高考的时候,因为我不知道我能不能考上大学 。第二次是我几年前去清华和北大演讲 ,那是我根本不可能考上的两个学校,面对那些成绩优异的学霸,我很忐忑。

  但后来我想通了。我读高中的时候不如别人 ,排名落后,输了同学一大步 。但是进入社会之后,我很努力地工作 ,慢慢取得了成绩 ,走到今天,我可以大声地说一句,看 ,我并没有输。对我来说,人生不仅仅只有高考才是最重要的门槛,其实人生一段一段全都是槛。每个槛都要努力 ,都能努力,都有机会去努力 。

  今天想和大家说的题目是在写这篇文章的时候,免不了回忆过去 ,感慨万千,那是我不愿意回首的日子,因为它对我来说太黑暗了 。

  三年前《人民日报》发了一篇新闻 ,说是一个父亲不想让自己的女儿读大学,因为他认为读大学要四年时间,一共要花掉八万的学费。读完之后找的工作可能一个月工资也就两三千块钱 ,他认为好不划算。那个父亲说我让我女儿高考之后直接去打工就好了 ,四年怎么着都可以赚个十几万吧 。然后这十几万还可以创业 、买房子、做投资,多好。

  新闻一出来,人人哗然 ,大家开始疯狂讨论。

  说句实话,如果那个时候我还在读高一或高二,我肯定会特别兴奋地拿着这张报纸给我爸妈看 。我会说你们看 ,学学人家的爸爸,都不要他女儿读大学的,多棒。我还会跟他们说 ,你们别逼我考大学了,就让我早一点工作吧,提前给你们赚钱养老 ,早日实现我的价值,多好啊。

  现在想起来,为什么高一、高二的我会这么认为呢?很大程度上是因为我根本不知道一个人为什么非要成绩好 ,成绩好不就是为了让老师开心 ,让爸妈有面子嘛,让七大姑八大姨羡慕,指指点点说瞧人家孩子多棒 。但是这些 ,跟我有什么关系啊?

  那时我特别羡慕一些同学,他们好像天生就特别会学习,小学前十名 、初中前十名、高中前十名。他们应付考试不费吹灰之力 ,人家是一做就全对,我是一看都不会。我绞尽脑汁也做不出来的那些题目,他们微微一笑就知道答案了 ,完全用智商碾压了我 。久而久之,在我心里认为,学习好、成绩好这件事情对我来说就是白日梦 ,而我的存在就是个笑话,就是为了衬托那些学习好的人。

  从踏进校门开始,我就从来不知道成绩好到底是什么感觉。我认为自己完全不具备学习能力 ,那我为什么要强迫自己去考大学 ,让自己输个彻彻底底呢?

  直到高三的时候,我有同学要去长沙的湖南师范大学考中国传媒大学的播音主持系,就问我说刘同你要不要去考?说实话我哪学过什么普通话啊?我普通话真的超烂的 。但是我想反正高三了 ,我也不想考大学,闲着也是闲着,如果我跟着去考了 ,万一传媒大学的招生老师又聋又瞎呢?万一把我录取上不是挺好的 。然后我就跟我妈说我想考播音系。我妈平时很抠门的,可这次二话不说就答应了,问我需要多少钱 ,我说500,我妈立刻就给我了。

  我之前从来没有出过远门,更没有去过大学 。但我就这么大着胆子去了。

  事实证明中国传媒大学的招生老师不聋也不瞎 ,我初试就被淘汰了。我的那些同学都过了复试 。

  既然如此,我就干脆死了心,来都来了 ,那就在校园里随便转转呗。于是 ,在我同学去参加复试的时候,我就绕着整个大学城(由湖南大学 、中南大学和湖南师范大学组成),一点一点地逛。我看到那些风华正茂 ,意气风发的大学生们,结伴成群,一起弹吉他 ,一起唱歌,一起表演话剧,一起喝酒 ,一起去看电影,在英语角用英文随意聊天,在我眼里 ,大学就好像幸福自在的天堂一样 。

  在大学里,一个人可以参加很多社团,可以拥有很多朋友 ,拥有无限多的选择 ,拥有最大限度的自由。那几天,我看得眼花缭乱。这和我在初中高中单调压抑的校园生活完全不一样 。甚至我还发现男生女生亲密地走在一起,别人也不会用异样的眼神看他们。我完全不能理解这是一个什么环境 ,难道大学都是这样的吗?

  回去之后,我就一直想这个事情。我的家乡在湖南郴州,那是一个小得不起眼的城市 ,生活了十几年,我周围的同学和熟人都是一样的,我的亲戚朋友也是一样的 。同样的面孔 ,同样的思维,同样的习惯,同样的言谈 。生活圈子极其狭窄 ,我稍微有点事,立刻传得人尽皆知。人人都知道我的短板,都知道我成绩不好 ,所有人看见我必说的一句话就是 ,刘同你很难考上大学,你真的不是读书的料。

  久而久之,我对这种环境生出极度的厌恶 ,周围所有人都在唱衰我,看不起我,每个人都认定 ,你,刘同,就这样了 ,这辈子都没什么出息了 。

  那时我有些破罐破摔的心理,我抵触所有人,抗拒所有人。我不是不想考大学 ,我只是太讨厌那些在我耳边叨叨着让我一定要好好学习的人,他们好像是情感的绑架者,以所谓的 ,打着的旗号 ,给我施加压力,不断灌输给我可怕的理念,考不上大学 ,一辈子就全完了。

  从师大回去之后,我突然开窍了,眼前似乎打开了一扇门 ,通往一条从未见过的道路 。我不再消极对抗,不再懈怠沉沦,我开始强烈地想尝试一种新的生活 ,我想认识更多有趣的人,而不是十几年来随时随地都会讽刺我的那些熟面孔。我也想去参加那些社团,接触全新的世界 ,全新的人群。我想摆脱父母的安排,不再由别人告诉我该如何去做 。

  那一刻,我幡然醒悟 ,仿佛被打通了任督二脉 ,整个人都亮堂了。我必须要靠自己的努力,走出去,看看外面的世界。如果我不考大学 ,留在这个小城,找份看得到尽头的工作,那我这辈子就真的全完了 ,我肯定被自己给堵死了 。

  那一刻,我突然明白了自己之前有多蠢。我花了那么多时间在跟成绩好的人较劲,好像我学习的目的 ,只是为了要争第一名 、第二名、第三名,而我无论如何也争不到。我人生的全部挫败都来源于此,我所有的精力 ,思想,也都集中耗费于此 。

  我一直以为读书是为了父母,为了亲戚 ,为了老师 ,为了面子 。但那一刻,我清楚地知道,考上大学 ,不为任何人,只是为了自己。为自己能够展翅高飞,离开一成不变的环境 ,飞到更高更远的地方,去认识更多更好更有趣更优秀的人。

  我太晚才明白这个道理 。但是,世上从来没有太迟的事。

  从那天开始我拼命学习 ,我真的是从早上5点钟就起床,把高一、高二落下的功课全部从头看一遍,任何一个小问题都不放过 ,直到弄明白为止。每天晚上我都是两三点钟才睡觉,每天就睡几个小时,本来已经对我不抱任何希望的爸妈看到我这个样子 ,都认为我从长沙回来之后疯掉了 。

  他们当然不知道我心里怎么想的。那时我心心念念想的就是我一定要逃离他们 ,一定要离开,我多考一分就能离他们远一点,我多考十分就能离他们再远一点 ,如果有本事的话,我真恨不得自己考到国外去,永远都不回来。

  去考中传播音系之前 ,我的成绩是班里倒数十名 。最后高考的成绩出来,我让所有人大跌眼镜,比一模成绩高出一百多分 ,超水平发挥,考上了湖南师范大学的中文系。

  进入大学之后,我每一天都练习写作 ,也开始认识更多的朋友,他们性格迥异,新鲜风趣 ,我跟他们分享读书的感受 ,尽情讨论对各种事物的看法。我整个人的状态一下子就变了,从高中时的颓废自卑压抑,变得阳光乐观热情 。

  我在大学里面认识了一个女同学 ,对我影响深远。那时因为我的钱老不够花,那个女同学总是特大方地借我钱,而且还不催着我还。我就很奇怪 ,打听之后才知道,原来她是特困生,有补助 ,还有特等奖学金,每个星期还去当家教,所以就显得很有钱的样子 。

  她的经历让我汗颜 ,而当我有一天在校报上看到她的专访,就彻底被她折服了 。

  她上小学的时候爸爸得骨癌去世。为了给爸爸治病,家里花光了所有的钱 ,还欠了一大笔债。她就跟妈妈商量 ,如果读完高中再读大学的话,开销太大,家里可能一辈子都还不上债 ,所以她要放弃考大学,选择读中专,这样可以提早几年出来工作 。

  她成绩非常好 ,考上了中专后顺利找到了一份小学老师的工作。正当家里一切慢慢好起来的时候,妈妈突然被诊断出来得了肌肉萎缩,丧失了自理能力。从那天开始 ,她每天早上7点钟去学校教书,晚上回来之后给妈妈按摩,缓解妈妈的疼痛 ,一直要按到下半夜,妈妈睡着之后她再去备课,睡两三个小时然后又去学校上课 。就是这样一直扛一直扛 ,几个月 、半年、一年。然后就在妈妈病情加重的时候 ,她所在的中专突然告诉她说,学校有五个名额,可以推荐去报考湖南师范大学 ,你要不要试一试。

  在她的字典里,从来就没有这两个字,她认为自己这辈子与大学已经绝缘 。而且 ,她的成绩不是五个人里最好的,她的综合条件也不是最优秀的,即便机会来了 ,也绝对轮不到她。

  这件事她没有跟妈妈讲,但她还是悄悄去了湖南,到了长沙。因为她跟我一样 ,从来就没有去过省会,她只是想去见识一下 。

  没想到,她初试竟然过了 ,通知她二试的时候 ,她依然不敢抱任何希望。到了放榜那天,她在榜上看到了自己的名字,简直不敢相信自己的眼睛。她一路狂喜地坐大巴回家 ,想第一时间把这个好消息告诉妈妈 。半途中BP机响了,医院给她发信息说请速回电 。她立刻下车去电话亭打电话,医院说妈妈快不行了 ,她一边哭一边往医院奔去,赶到的时候妈妈已经去世了,她没来得及告诉妈妈这个好消息 ,妈妈到死都不知道女儿靠自己的努力考上了大学,实现了最不可能的心愿。

  而她,虽然扭转了命运 ,可仍然没有逃过命运大神的捉弄,她成了孤儿。

  听完这个女同学的故事,我的眼泪哗哗地流 。她小小的个子 ,竟然肩挑背扛了那么沉重的负担。她每天笑嘻嘻地努力读书 ,生活,完全掩盖了深夜痛哭的眼泪和忧愁。

  毕业后我们一起考进湖南卫视,在那之前她根本不知道电视台是做什么的 。但她极其努力 ,比男孩子还肯拼,每天熬夜加班。两年之后我在湖南台还只是一个默默无闻的小记者,她已成为一个声名鹊起的大编导。

  现在 ,她是光线传媒活动公司的总裁 。

  一起北漂的日子里,我曾经问她,你为什么那么拼啊?她说自从我爸妈离开我之后 ,我就知道这个世界上没有任何人会帮助我,我只能靠自己改变已经写好的命运。生命是一本可爱的书,既然已经翻开了 ,我就要认真地,积极地,从开头看到结束。

  我要感谢自己在高中最后几个月的努力 。如果当时选择了放弃 ,我不可能遇到这么优秀的人 ,又通过与她的相识改变了自己。读大学很重要的意义就是,遇见跟你一样努力的人,你们一起发光。

  我转发《人民日报》那条新闻时 ,写了一段话 。我说:读大学的价值也许在于能认识未来几十年最重要的朋友,能分辨哪些人自己一辈子都不会交往,能集中解决很多困惑 ,从而形成自己的原则,开始学会拒绝 。读大学的价值在于你明白了世界上有很多优秀的人,你开始有了靠近他们的动力 ,读书不是为了拿文凭或者是为了发财,而是为了成为一个有温度、懂情趣 、会思考的人。你现在努力,未来就会遇见那些和你一样努力的人 ,你现在不努力,你未来遇见的人大概也是和你一样的处境。

  有很多人非常的幸运,从高中就知道自己喜欢什么 。而我其实没有那么走运 ,我是通过短暂的努力进入大学之后 ,才给了自己一个机会重新塑造自己。

  所以回到我们开始的话题,高考重要吗?当然重要,而且极其重要。

  人生的道路上 ,未来还有很多坎,肯定比高考还要难,因为它们不如高考那么纯粹 ,那么公平,人人站在相同的起跑线上,面对同样的竞争环境 ,你单纯通过拼搏勤奋,就能获得优异的成绩 。步入社会后,你会发现 ,很多事,即便努力了也是无效,因为种种条件的差异 ,社会的各种潜规则 ,你不再拥有公平竞争的机会。从此也再不会像高考这样,有一群同龄人和你一起战斗,有老师带着你们奋力向前 ,有家长在背后做你们的强大支援。

  高考的可贵,就在于它的纯粹,所以一定要把握最后的时机 ,在最纯粹的竞争中,漂亮地尽力地拼搏一次 。

  绵阳中学的同学们,你们一定要好好读书 ,读书不是为了家长,也不是为了老师,而是为了让你们自己变得更优秀 ,变得更好,谢谢。

TED英语演讲稿我们为什么要睡觉

为大家准备了关于TED英语演讲稿我们为什么要睡觉范文,里面收集了五十多篇关于好TED英语演讲稿我们为什么要睡觉好文,希望可以帮助大家。更多关于TED英语演讲稿我们为什么要睡觉内容请关注

  简介:一生中,我们有三分之一的时间都在睡眠中度过 。关于睡眠 ,你又了解多少?睡眠专家Russell Foster为我们解答为什么要睡觉 ,以及睡眠对健康的影响。

  What Is the sound of the alarm clock. And what that truly ghastly, awful sound does is stop the single most important behavioral experience that we have, and thatre an average sort of person, 36 percent of your life will be spent asleep, which means that if you live to 90, then 32 years will have been spent entirely asleep.

  Now what that 32 years is telling us is that sleep at some level is important. And yet, for most of us, we dont think about sleep. And so what IEnjoy the honey-heavy dew of slumber.s Julius Caesar. Yes, let me give you a few more quotes. s soft nurse, how have I frighted thee?t say it -- the Scottish play. [Correction: Henry IV, Part 2] (Laughter) From the same time: Extremely prophetic, by Thomas Dekker, another Elizabethan dramatist.

  But if we jump forward 400 years, the tone about sleep changes somewhat. This is from Thomas Edison, from the beginning of the 20th century. Bang. (Laughter) And if we also jump into the 1980s, some of you may remember that Margaret Thatcher was reported to have said, And of course the infamous -- what was his name? -- the infamous Gordon Gekko from said,

  What do we do in the 20th century about sleep? Well, of course, we use Thomas Edisonve treated sleep as an illness, almost. Wes because you donre asleep, it seems. You dont drink. And you dons -- Sorry. Its so very important. So lett know what it was, or indeed how to use it, so -- (Laughter) Sorry. So I borrowed it. I donm trying to make is that when yout shut down. In fact, some areas of the brain are actually more active during the sleep state than during the wake state. The other thing thatt arise from a single structure within the brain, but is to some extent a network property, and if we flip the brain on its back -- I love this little bit of spinal cord here -- this bit here is the hypothalamus, and right under there is a whole raft of interesting structures, not least the biological clock. The biological clock tells us when its good to be asleep, and what that structure does is interact with a whole raft of other areas within the hypothalamus, the lateral hypothalamus, the ventrolateral preoptic nuclei. All of those combine, and they send projections down to the brain stem here. The brain stem then projects forward and bathes the cortex, this wonderfully wrinkly bit over here, with neurotransmitters that keep us awake and essentially provide us with our consciousness. So sleep arises from a whole raft of different interactions within the brain, and essentially, sleep is turned on and off as a result of a range of

  Okay. So where have we got to? Wet explained is what sleep is about. So why do we sleep? And it wont have a consensus. There are dozens of different ideas about why we sleep, and Is somewhat intuitive. Essentially, all the stuff wes, what, 2,300 years ago. Its fashionable at the moment because whats good evidence for the whole restoration hypothesis.

  What about energy conservation? Again, perhaps intuitive. You essentially sleep to save calories. Now, when you do the sums, though, it doesnt moved very much, the energy saving of sleeping is about 110 calories a night. Now, thatm less convinced by the energy conservation idea.

  But the third idea Ive tried to learn a task, and you sleep-deprive individuals, the ability to learn that task is smashed. Its not just the laying down of memory and recalling it. Whats been estimated to give us a threefold advantage. Sleeping at night enhances our creativity. And what seems to be going on is that, in the brain, those neural connections that are important, those synaptic connections that are important, are linked and strengthened, while those that are less important tend to fade away and be less important.

  Okay. So wes probable we sleep for multiple different reasons. But sleep is not an indulgence. Its not even an upgrade from economy to first class. The critical thing to realize is that if you dont fly. Essentially, you never get there, and whats now look at sleep deprivation. Huge sectors of society are sleep-deprived, and letre in the six-and-a-half-hours-every-night league. For teenagers, its simply not enough. If we think about other sectors of society, the aged, if you are aged, then your ability to sleep in a single block is somewhat disrupted, and many sleep, again, less than five hours a night. Shift work. Shift work is extraordinary, perhaps 20 percent of the working population, and the body clock does not shift to the demands of working at night. ItWake up. This is the time to be awake.s what your brain is craving.

  One of the things that the brain does is indulge in micro-sleeps, this involuntary falling asleep, and you have essentially no control over it. Now, micro-sleeps can be sort of somewhat embarrassing, but they can also be deadly. Its extraordinary. At another level of terror, we dip into the tragic accidents at Chernobyl and indeed the space shuttle Challenger, which was so tragically lost. And in the investigations that followed those disasters, poor judgment as a result of extended shift work and loss of vigilance and tiredness was attributed to a big chunk of those disasters.

  So when yous so much worse than that.

  (Laughter)

  If you are a tired brain, the brain is craving things to wake it up. So drugs, stimulants. Caffeine represents the stimulant of choice across much of the Western world. Much of the day is fueled by caffeine, and if youre fueling the waking state with these stimulants, and then of course it gets to 11 oAh, well actually, I need to be asleep fairly shortly. What do we do about that when I Well, of course, you then resort to alcohol. Now alcohol, short-term, you know, once or twice, to use to mildly sedate you, can be very useful. It can actually ease the sleep transition. But what you must be so aware of is that alcohol doesns going on during memory consolidation and memory recall. So itt become addicted to alcohol as a way of getting to sleep every night.

  Another connection between loss of sleep is weight gain. If you sleep around about five hours or less every night, then you have a 50 percent likelihood of being obese. WhatI need carbohydrates,s a link between tiredness and the metabolic predisposition for weight gain.

  Stress. Tired people are massively stressed. And one of the things of stress, of course, is loss of memory, which is what I sort of just then had a little lapse of. But stress is so much more. So if yous sustained stress associated with sleep loss thats some very good studies showing that shift workers, for example, have higher rates of cancer. Increased levels of stress throw glucose into the circulation. Glucose becomes a dominant part of the vasculature and essentially you become glucose intolerant. Therefore, diabetes 2. Stress increases cardiovascular disease as a result of raising blood pressure. So therem getting enough sleep? So a quick show of hands. Who feels that theys pretty impressive. Good. WeWell, how do I know whether I Well, itre grumpy, if youre told by your work colleagues that yous the last thing that most of us do before we go to bed? We stand in a massively lit bathroom looking into the mirror cleaning our teeth. Itve set about reducing light exposure before you go to bed, but light exposure in the morning is very good at setting the biological clock to the light-dark cycle. So seek out morning light. Basically, listen to yourself. Wind down. Do those sorts of things that you know are going to ease you off into the honey-heavy dew of slumber.

  Okay. Thats an average. Some people need more. Some people need less. And what you need to do is listen to your body. Do you need that much or do you need more? Simple as that.

  Old people need less sleep. Not true. The sleep demands of the aged do not go down. Essentially, sleep fragments and becomes less robust, but sleep requirements do not go down.

  And the fourth myth is, early to bed, early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise. Well thats no difference in socioeconomic status. In my experience, the only difference between morning people and evening people is that those people that get up in the morning early are just horribly smug.

  (Laughter) (Applause)

  Okay. So for the last part, the last few minutes, what I want to do is change gears and talk about some really new, breaking areas of neuroscience, which is the association between mental health, mental illness and sleep disruption. Wes been largely ignored. In the 1970s, when people started to think about this again, they said, re on anti-psychotics. It ignoring the fact that for a hundred years previously, sleep disruption had been reported before anti-psychotics.

  So whats going on in terms of sleep disruption. We have a big study which we published last year on schizophrenia, and the data were quite extraordinary. In those individuals with schizophrenia, much of the time, they were awake during the night phase and then they were asleep during the day. Other groups showed no 24-hour patterns whatsoever. Their sleep was absolutely smashed. And some had no ability to regulate their sleep by the light-dark cycle. They were getting up later and later and later and later each night. It was smashed.

  So whats the evidence for that? Well, genes that have been shown to be very important in the generation of normal sleep, when mutated, when changed, also predispose individuals to mental health problems. And last year, we published a study which showed that a gene thatve shown that in those young individuals who are at high risk of developing bipolar disorder, they already have a sleep abnormality prior to any clinical diagnosis of bipolar. The other bit of data was that sleep disruption may actually exacerbate, make worse the mental illness state. My colleague Dan Freeman has used a range of agents which have stabilized sleep and reduced levels of paranoia in those individuals by 50 percent.

  So what have we got? Were really beginning to understand how both sleep and mental illness are generated and regulated within the brain. The second area is that if we can use sleep and sleep disruption as an early warning signal, then we have the chance of going in. If we know that these individuals are vulnerable, early intervention then becomes possible. And the third, which I think is the most exciting, is that we can think of the sleep centers within the brain as a new therapeutic target. Stabilize sleep in those individuals who are vulnerable, we can certainly make them healthier, but also alleviate some of the appalling symptoms of mental illness.

  So let me just finish. What I started by saying is take sleep seriously. Our attitudes toward sleep are so very different from a pre-industrial age, when we were almost wrapped in a duvet. We used to understand intuitively the importance of sleep. And this isnSleep is God. Go worship. And I can only recommend that you do the same.

  Thank you for your attention.

  (Applause)

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我们为什么要读书

爸爸,为什么要上学呢?”儿子上学不久问 爸爸 。

? 爸爸说:儿子,你知道吧?一颗小树长1年 的话 ,只能用来做篱笆,或当柴烧 。

10年的树可以做檩条。

? 20年的树用处就大了,可以做梁 ,可以做 柱子,可以做家具· · · · · ·

? 一个小孩子如果不上学,他7岁就可以放羊 , 长大了能放一大群羊,但他除了放羊,基 本干不了别的。

? 如果上六年学 ,小学毕业,在农村他可以 用一些新技术种地,在城市可以到建筑工 地打工 ,做保安 ,也可以当个小商小贩, 小学的知识够用了 。

? 如果上9年学,初中毕业 ,他就可以学习一 些机械的操作了。

? 如果上12年学,高中毕业,他就可以学习 很多机械的修理了。

? 如果大学毕业 ,他就可以设计高楼大 厦,铁路桥梁了 。

? 如果他硕士博士毕业,他就可能发明创造 出一些我们原来没有的东西。

? 爸爸说:放羊、种地、当保安 ,丢人不丢人? ? 儿子:丢人。 ? 爸爸说:儿子,不丢人 。他们不偷不抢,干活赚钱 ,养活 自己的孩子和父母,一点也不丢人。

? 不是说不上学,或上学少就没用。就像一 年的小树一样 ,有用 ,但用处不如大树多 。 不读书或读书少也有用,但对社会的贡献 少,他们赚的钱就少。读书多 ,花的钱也 多,用的时间也多,但是贡献大 ,自己赚 的钱也多。


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